Lubrication techniques are reflected in various designs of lubrication systems and they have a various application field. Lubrication techniques have always played an important role in almost all industries. They are used everywhere, where components are in contact with each other and move towards each other, such as bearings, chains ...
Lubrication techniques play an
enormous role in economic terms. Depending on the structure of an industrial
plant, a lubrication system can be easily adapted to the lubrication need.
Financially seen, Lubrication technology plays a huge role. Considerable savings in energy and material costs can be realised in production and in maintenance.
Our growing awareness of our resources and our environment are reflected in the most advanced lubrication techniques.
Since the sixties a technical term accured: "tribology". With this term a new kind of science was born dealing with the technology of interacting surfaces in relative motion. The field of tribology encompasses the entire field of friction and wear including lubrication. Triblogy also includes interfacial interactions between both: solids and between solids and liquids, or solids and gases.
Friction and wear occur on all moving parts and require specific lubrication solutions.
Friction defines the inhibition of movements between solids or particles in contact. Friction is an interaction between the contacting areas of material bodies. Friction applies to any moving object, and will always act to slow it down or resist a change in its direction of motion.
External friction is the force between the surfaces of two or more solids.
Internal friction in the same body or material is the force between the surfaces of particles making up one substance or one solid.
The term wear stands for a progressive loss of material at the surface of a solid body, which is caused by rubbing, rolling, sweeping, scraping, chemical and thermal stress.
In almost all engineering fields, friction and wear are generally undesirable because they have a depreciating effect on industrial goods.
The field of tribology touches all areas of development, design, manufacture and maintenance of mechanical moving systems in the various industries and economic sectors, such as
In different processes, friction and wear are tribologically tested and simulated in order to achieve an optimisation of the lifetime of industrial goods.
In general, lubrication techniques are based on wear tests where all components of the tribological system are analysed to indicate the optimal solutions to the different industries.